OpenWRT WINS with Samba
Invaluable Information from here: https://www.samba.org/samba/docs/using_samba/ch07.html (NOTE: This entire page is marked as "this is old information and might be incorrect", however, WINS is old too, and as it turns out, all of the information in regards to WINS is still accurate)
- 1 Samba Related Information
- 2 Other Information
- 3 Remaining Items to Document
Samba Related Information
OpenWRT Samba is configured to look for the lmhosts file (all lower case) here: /etc/samba/lmhosts (it was verified by looking in the log files for where it loads the file)
To configure logging, add the following directives (minus comments) to the /etc/samba/smb.conf file in the [glolbal] section;
# The below is the default location log file = /tmp/log/samba/samba.log log level = 3 # Per log file, the below has been deprecated # syslog = 1
Information from above was referenced from here: https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Configuring_Logging_on_a_Samba_Server
Do NOT set the log level higher than 3 or it will just fill up with gibberish
Do NOT attempt to read the log file via a text editor through a Samba shared directory, or the log file will fill with recursive gibberish (IE, use nano or vi)
Best to not use these directives; client min protocol = SMB2, client max protocol = SMB3 (If SMB1 or SMB2 are needed, switch to Samba 3)
When configuring the Hostname in the LuCI GUI, System, System, General Settings Tab, use ONLY the host name, not the "fully qualified host name" (IE use OpenWRT, do not use OpenWRT.WhatEverDomain.WhatEverComOrLocalOrLanEtc)
Commands Related to WINS for Samba
nmblookup is the command that can be used to check information within the Samba WINS database.
- nmblookup WhatEverNameOfHost will display the IP Address information for that host.
- nmblookup -S WhatEverWorkGroupName will display all the records*
* This webpage notes that there are various ways to display all of the records: https://superuser.com/questions/1492010/finding-all-samba-shares-in-local-network
Recommendation for Windows Hosts that are Multihomed (IE, have more than one network interface)
For some odd reason, if only one interface is configured with WINS server information, it reports the IP Address of all the network interfaces on the Windows machine to the WINS Server. IE, all the other network interfaces can have a blank / empty entry for WINS server, but that one network interface configured with a WINS server will report all of the IP Addresses associated with all of the other network interface. To prevent this, configure a different WINS server for each interface OR "Disable NetBIOS over TCP/IP" (oddly, this does not disable the ability of one to access shared folders, incoming or outgoing, on the network interface in question as it seems NetBEUI is the acronym that encompasses that functionality). This even includes PPTP VPN Connections and probably OpenVPN connections too.
Deprecated Configuration Directives from Samba3 to Samba4
There are several configuration directives that have been removed / deprecated from Samba 4. They include "announce as", "announce version", along with some others.
- If there is no Windows Domain Controller within a subnet, the following configuration is recommended for the /etc/dhcpd;
# This configures Samba to enable WINS support wins support = yes # The following settings will make the WINS functionality of Samba the main "Browser" for a subnet # If using with a Windows Domain infrastructure, probably best to research a bit more before doing the following; local master = yes os level = 255 preferred master = yes domain master = yes
- The netbios name = |NAME| directive in Services, Network Share, Edit Template Tab in the OpenWRT GUI configures SAMBA with the name defined in the System, System, Hostname Field.
Remaining Items to Document
- nss-mdns: A simple service that doesn't seem to exist any longer for OpenWRT (possibly replaced by UMDNS or can be replace by Avahi) that allows a Linux (AKA OpenWRT) device to resolve WINS style host names from an LMHOSTS file (which only resolves names for the local router).
- UMDNS: An alternative to AVAHI from OpenWRT ( )